Health Status Issues and Strategies of Portable Water in Indian Villages: A Review Report

Javid Ahmad Dar*

India’s rural population is around 905 million people, who live in over 1.42 million habitations scattered throughout 15 geographical zones. It is true that delivering safe drinking water to such a huge population is a monumental task. Our country is also distinguished by differences in consciousness, socioeconomic development, education, poverty, habits and rituals, all of which contribute to the complexity of delivering water. Poor water quality has a massive health impact. Infections caused by water affects around 37.7 million Indians each year, 1.5 million children are predicted to die from diarrhea alone and 73 million working days are lost owing to waterborne disease each year. Chemical pollution is also an issue in India, with poor water quality affecting 0.2 million habitants. Fluoride and Arsenic are the two most concerning chemical characteristics. Iron is also becoming a big issue, with numerous habitations exhibiting excess iron in water testing. According to the most recent figures, 94% of the rural population and 91% of the urban population have access to clean drinking water. According to data from the department of drinking water supply, 1.5 and 1.4 million of the country's urban and rural habitations are Fully Covered (FC), 0.13 million are Partially Covered (PC) and 15,917 are Not Covered (NC). Coverage, on the other hand, relates to build capacity rather than average actual delivery over a prolonged time or the quality of water given, which is the most important aspect.

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